I am responsible for policy issues relating to IT professionalism and skills within the DG Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs. I played a leading role in the EU e-skills (2007-2016), e-economy (2001-2006) and e-learning (1997-2000) initiatives. I was the 2002-2003 EU Fellow at the LBJ School of Public Affairs (University of Texas) at Austin. I was in charge of IT research projects (1991-1996) within the European Strategic Programme for Research in Information Technology (ESPRIT). Prior to joining the Commission in 1991, I worked in the IT industry and started my career at IBM in 1985.